What Are Dental Crowns?

You’ve chipped a tooth in an injury, or maybe you’ve had a root canal treatment done. Either way, your tooth is damaged. Dental crowns are caps or coverings that are tooth-shaped. These are placed over-treated or damaged teeth to retain their functional and structural integrities. They’re made of a variety of materials like porcelain, metal, resin, and ceramic. Before developing and using crowns, the line of treatment for decayed or damaged teeth was extractions.

One would require dental crowns under the following circumstances – 

Dental Crowns – Types

Dental crowns are of many types, particularly concerning the material they’re made of. These include – 

Your dentist will decide on which material of crown to use after considering the following factors – 

Dental Crowns – Procedure

Getting a dental crown is a relatively easy procedure and requires 2-3 visits to your dental office. In most instances, the tooth preparation is carried out in the first sitting, and the dental crown is delivered in the second. If there is a decayed tooth present in the oral cavity, the number of sittings might increase.

If there is any diseased portion present, it is removed and the tooth structure (enamel) is cut down or trimmed to make space for the crown attachment. A lot of times, teeth requiring a dental crown have to undergo a root canal treatment.

The tooth preparation is dependent on the material of the crown that is to be applied. Metal crowns require minimal preparation since they’re made very thin. On the other hand, porcelain or PFM crowns are a lot thicker and the teeth have to be cut down a lot more. 

Post preparation, your dentist takes impressions of your teeth and oral cavity and sends it to the dental lab for fabrication of the crown. A temporary crown might be placed over your tooth until the next appointment and this protects it from any sensitivity or fracture.

In the final visit, the dentist places the dental crown on your tooth and ensures that it properly fits. If the fit is perfect, the crown is then cemented into place. You will be asked to bite down to see if the crown is level with the rest of the teeth. Any adjustments that are needed are done before the crown is cemented.

Dental Crowns – Care

The average life span of a dental crown is anywhere from 5 to 15 years. The longevity is dependent on the wear-and-tear they face and the level of care taken for their maintenance. Like any other prosthesis, dental crowns require the same level of care as you would apply to your natural teeth. Brushing twice a day along with flossing are just some of the steps involved in prolonging not only your teeth’ life but also your dental crowns’.

Gold and porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns tend to last the longest. And while all-ceramic and all-porcelain crowns may look more aesthetic, they’re not as strong as metal and PFM crowns.

Your dentist will advise you to skip sticky and hard foods since they have the propensity to fracture or damage the dental crown. Additionally, patients who clench or grind their teeth are advised to incorporate habit-breaking appliances or mouth guards to avoid damage to the dental crowns.

And of course, regular visits to your dental practitioner are also imperative to avoid any potential issues that might arise.

Dental crowns also carry the small risk of issues like – 

River Rock Dental located in downtown Shakopee offers a comprehensive insight into the world of dental crowns. If you feel like you’re a candidate for a crown, get in touch with our expert team at 952-445-5556. We are committed to excellence and giving our patients a reason to flaunt that smile!