Periodontitis, or periodontal disease, is a form of gum disease that results from severe bacterial infection of the supporting structures around the tooth. It usually begins due to the accumulation of plaque and food debris on the teeth surfaces, which is a result of poor oral hygiene habits. Plaque is a sticky film made of bacteria, which, if not cleaned regularly, initiates infection of the gums that can spread to deeper structures and the underlying bone.


The accumulated plaque will eventually harden to form calculus. Commonly known as tartar, calculus is a hard substance that adheres firmly to the tooth surface. Once calculus formation begins, it accumulates plaque more rapidly and leads to further deterioration of the gingival tissues. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing at home and needs to be cleaned by a dentist.

Periodontal Disease

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Periodontal disease is characterized by specific symptoms that warrant professional intervention and seeking advice from a dentist. Some of the most commonly experienced symptoms are –

Treatment of Periodontitis

Once professionally diagnosed as periodontitis, the disease needs to be treated by a dentist and might require multiple appointments. The main goal in treating periodontitis is to eliminate all traces of plaque and bacterial accumulation from around the gums and tooth surfaces. The type of treatment will usually depend on the severity of periodontitis.

Home Remedies to Treat Periodontitis

If started at an early stage, home remedies may help in treating periodontitis.


The best way to keep periodontal disease at bay is to practice proper oral hygiene measures on a daily basis. This includes flossing and brushing your teeth at least twice a day. Talk to your dentist about the right techniques of brushing and about incorporating the use of mouthwash into your routine.